Monday, 24 July 2017

Twice Upon A Time

Once upon a time any preview material shown at Comic-Con had all manner of injunctions against anyone who wasn't in the hall from seeing it. Fans used to complain bitterly that they weren't allowed to see trailers or clips, and RTD and Moffat would insist stuff wasn't leaked.
Well twice upon a time, the video now gets released straight away. Twice Upon A Time is the name of the 2017 Xmas Special, Capaldi's swan-song in which he's joined by David Bradley's First Doctor and what looks to be a temporary companion - "The Captain" - played by Mark Gatiss.

Talking of companions, we also get a glimpse of Polly, and it has been confirmed that Bill will also get to say goodbye to the Doctor. If she finds out the next incarnation is a woman, she might well want to sign up to TARDIS duties once again.

Bets being taken now that the Captain will turn out to be the Brigadier's dad - hence the lack of name.
The clip begins with a scene from the second episode of The Tenth Planet - with Hartnell morphing into Bradley.

There's something about time standing still, with the Doctors stuck in a moment of time. There's also some stuff with them running through explosions, and being seen in a chamber with chains hanging down and what looks like bodies in alcoves behind.

It all looks very intriguing. No sign of who or what the enemy of the piece might be.

Saturday, 22 July 2017

Deborah Watling (1948 - 2017)

Sad news to report today - the death of another companion actor. Debbie Watling, who played Victoria Waterfield during the classic monster era of the Second Doctor, has passed away.
She joined the series in Evil of the Daleks, and accompanied Patrick Troughton and Fraser Hines aboard the TARDIS until Fury of the Deep, when she screamed herself out of the series. In between. she met Cybermen, Ice Warriors and Yeti, as well as a villain who looked just like the Doctor.
One of those Yeti encounters also meant working alongside her dad - actor Jack Watling, playing Prof. Travers.
Sadly, Debbie's period on the show has been one of the hardest hit when it comes to the loss of episodes from the archives, but we did get that 11 episode batch returned in 2013.
I came to the programme just after she had left - my earliest memories are of The Wheel in Space - but many of the stories featuring Victoria were novelised early on when I started to collect the Target books, so I have always had a soft spot for the character.
After leaving the series Debbie mostly worked in theatre, and she returned to play Victoria in the Dimensions In Time CiN special, as well as the video spin-off Downtime.
Fans can enjoy seeing the young Debbie if you tune into the Talking Pictures channel - where they are regularly showing The Invisible Man TV series in which she was a semi-regular.
Next time you play those DVDs of her stories which have survived, stick on the audio commentary and have a listen to what she has to say about her time on the programme. She was only there for a year, but it clearly meant a lot to her ever since.
Rest in Peace Debbie.

Tuesday, 18 July 2017

July's Figurines

Three figurines this month - two regular releases plus the latest of the Dalek specials. All three hail from the Classic era of the series. First up is a Voord, from 1964's The Keys of Marinus. A preview picture of this figure seemed to be blue, but this guy is in jet black gear, the only other colour being a blob of white on the pommel of the dagger he is about to draw. The helmet is very detailed, particularly at the back. There's something quite fetishistic about him.
He's joined by the version of Alpha Centauri whom we first met in The Curse of Peladon. My photo has slightly washed out the colour - its cloak is more yellow in reality. The accompanying magazine has the making of the creature, but does not cover this story, suggesting that Aggedor or Arcturus is in the pipeline.

They are joined by what is termed an "Embryo Technician" Dalek. It's one of the classic silver / blue sphere models from Power of the Daleks, except that it has a longer arm with a basket at the end, containing the Dalek mutant. The accompanying magazine covers the making of the animated version of this story.

August sees the release of another Dalek - the wrecked version of Dalek Caan, as seen in The Stolen Earth / Journey's End. It is accompanied by Professor Yana, the human form of the Master as seen in Utopia. The next larger Special Edition coming soon is the Web of Fear Yeti.

Sunday, 16 July 2017

Inspirations - Galaxy 4

Or "Galaxy Four", as it is often written. It's the sole contribution of William Emms, though he did submit other story ideas later that didn't make it into production. One story - "The Imps" - almost got made early in Patrick Troughton's run, and in the 1980's he wrote a Doctor Who make-your-own-adventure book.
It's the start of Season Three, and this is the first story properly story-edited by Donald Tosh, with John Wiles producing, though Verity Lambert hasn't left yet. They were unhappy that William Hartnell and Maureen O'Brien changed a lot of their dialogue - though Emms thought they improved some of it. Noting how unhappy O'Brien was, they decided to write her out at the next available opportunity, thinking she wanted to leave.
Peter Purves is on record as being dissatisfied with his role, claiming that he was basically given Barbara's role and lines to perform. He'd practically been leading man in his last story, but here he spends much of his time prisoner of the female Drahvins.
The main story inspiration is that you should never judge by appearances. The beautiful humanoids are the villains, and the monstrous-looking aliens are actually quite nice.

Emms' original scripts had the Drahvins all male, led by a man named Gar. It was Verity Lambert who decided that they should become female, and she introduced the notion that the Drahvin warriors should be test-tube clones, with leader Maaga the only true Drahvin. There was much in the news about the implications of mapping DNA and what it might lead to.
With their blonde beehive hairdo's, the visual inspiration appears to have come from pop diva Dusty Springfield.
Although overall story titles were never intended for the public domain at this time, there has been much fan speculation as to Galaxy 4. Presumably the events of the story take place there, though the only mention of the galaxy is that the Drahvins come from there, and it is 400 dawns away from this planet. Calling a story after the place the aliens come from would be like renaming The Moonbase "Telos", or The Dalek Invasion of Earth "Skaro", so I think we can assume this doomed planet is in Galaxy 4. It is stated often that the Drahvin ship is not very advanced, so travelling just over a year might see them still in their own galaxy - and would they really need to go all the way to a neighbouring galaxy just to find a planet suitable for colonisation?

The Chumblies become the series' first creatures who get their name from someone else. It certainly isn't what their creators, the Rills, call them. Vicki names them, from the way they move. Emms made up the name from "Chum" and "Friendly", and employed a number of made up words in his script to describe their sound and movement - like "chamble", "chutter" and "jink". They are clearly an attempt to come up something to rival the Daleks in their appearance, but they would never return to the series.
There is something about Propaganda running through the story. Maaga refuses to let her warriors listen to the messages that the Chumblies transmit - claiming they are lies designed to lure them into a trap. She frightens her troops with talk about what the Rills will do to them if they capture them - akin to how newspapers described the Germans in World War One. or the Communist threat during the Cold War. If anyone is a metaphor for communism it is the Drahvins, not the Rills. Maaga is clearly part of an elite, with the best food and weapons which are denied to her drone-like subordinates.
As mentioned above, Steven spends much of the story prisoner of the Drahvins. At one point he finds himself trapped in an airlock, as Maaga removes the oxygen. This old trick will be used by other aliens in the future - though not as often as you might think. Steven faces a dilemma - return to captivity with the Dusty Springfields, or go outside and be nabbed by the Chumblies.

The Doctor and Vicki, meanwhile, get to meet the Rills. They are a cross between a walrus and a warthog in appearance. They live on ammonia, and so have to remain in a special compartment in their ship. The Doctor is about to kill them, until Vicki learns they are not the monsters Maaga described. They agree to help the Doctor, and he them. The TARDIS is linked to their spaceship, allowing it to take off, whilst the Drahvins are left to perish as the planet disintegrates. Sadly no photos or footage exists of the climactic moments, but as the TARDIS has already left we can assume it wasn't very spectacular on screen. Probably some shaky camera work then a white-out.
The throw forward to next week's episode is interesting. Vicki notes a planet on the TARDIS scanner and wonders what might be happening there...
Next time: The name's Cory. Marc Cory. Licenced to Kill...

The 13th Doctor

Interesting to see the reactions about Jodie Whittaker taking over from Peter Capaldi as the Doctor. Nice to see that most are positive. Four years or so ago, I was very much against a female Doctor, at the time when Capaldi was chosen. Well, I've mellowed to the idea since then, and would have been more surprised if they hadn't gone for a woman this time.
Making the Master female worked wonderfully. I never had a problem with Missy.
I haven't waded in with any comments in the run up to the announcement this time, as I realised it would, personally, be pointless. I'm a Doctor Who fan. Always have been. Always will be. I realised that whoever took on the role, I would be tuning in to Series 11 anyway, and writing about it on this Blog.
Jodie Whittaker is a damned fine actor. So long as Chibnall can deliver on the script side, I think the future for the programme looks good. Those fans unhappy with the choice need to give Whittaker the benefit of the doubt. The Doctor stands for many things - including tolerance and open-mindedness. Take a leaf out of his - or her - book.

Thursday, 13 July 2017

C is for... Capricorn, Max

Max Capricorn was the founder and CEO of the cruise-line which bore his name, and which operated out of the planet Sto. He was forced to prolong his life by becoming a cyborg, shielding this from his board and the public by turning recluse and only ever communicating via holograms. Cyborgs were discriminated against on Sto.
His trademark was a gold tooth which flashed when he grinned in his holographic videos. When the Doctor later met him in person, he was surprised to learn that the tooth flashed in real life as well.
When his business began to fail, and he realised that he was going to be ousted from his role, he hatched a plan to destroy the people who were out to replace him. He hid himself in a reinforced vault on one of his ships - a replica of the RMS Titanic - and set about reprogramming the robot Hosts who were supposed to look after the passengers so that they would kill. The ship's captain - Hardaker - was terminally ill, so Capricorn arranged to pay his family if he sabotaged the vessel - allowing it to be struck by meteroids whilst in orbit above the planet Earth.
The ship would then crash onto the planet, with the potential to wipe out the population.
Safe in his vault, Max would be picked up by a rescue ship and taken to the leisure planet of Penhaxico Two where he had secreted plenty of money. The board of the cruise-liner company would face massive litigation and probable imprisonment for corporate manslaughter.
The Doctor managed to get Max to leave his vault early - the ship was still holding orbit. His entire body was encased in a life-support unit, with only his head still human. Waitress Astrid Peth used a fork-lift truck to topple him down a shaft into the engines - losing her own life in the process.

Played by: George Costigan. Appearances: Voyage of the Damned (2007).

C is for... Capel, Taren

A brilliant robotics engineer, Capel had been brought up in the company of robots, with very little human contact or companionship. He related only to robot kind and came to see them as his kin. His sociopathy led to him becoming mentally unstable. He planned to start a robot revolution, freeing his brothers from enslavement by humans. Under the name of Dask, he managed to get himself a job as Chief Engineer on a Storm Mine vessel, which would spend months in the wilderness seeking out valuable ores. This would provide a base for him to create an army. He started to employ Laserson Probes to adjust the programming of the robot contingent on the Mine, overriding their prime directive not to harm humans. As the crew began to be killed off, the Doctor and Leela had to try to discover Capel's alias and stop him from destroying this robot-reliant society. The authorities were aware that he was on board, and had placed two agents amongst the crew to seek him out. They were Poul, and a disguised Super-Voc robot designated D84.
Once his identity had been discovered, Capel dressed himself as a robot and ordered the deaths of all the human survivors. The reprogrammed robots were conditioned to obey his voice.
The Doctor discovered the whereabouts of the workshop he had set up to alter the robots. Leela hid behind a panel and opened a cannister of helium gas. This altered Capel's voice so that the robots no longer recognised him. Ordered to kill all humans, SV7 strangled him.

Played by: David Bailie. Appearances: Robots of Death (1977).

  • Bailie is internationally known for his recurring role as Cotton in the Pirates of the Caribbean film franchise. He's the mute one, with the parrot.
  • He has reprised the role of Taren Capel on audio, in the Kaldor City spin-off range, and was the Celestial Toymaker for the Big Finish range.
  • Capel's name derives from the Czech playwright Karel Capek. In 1920 he wrote a play called R.U.R. - Rossum's Universal Robots - which told of a robot revolution. From this "robot" entered the English language.

C is for... Cane Family

Passengers on the Crusader 50 shuttle tour of the planet Midnight, encountered by the Tenth Doctor. They were husband and wife Biff and Val, and their son Jethro. The planet's surface was bathed in X-tonic radiation, and no life could survive there. At first everyone got on well - after the Doctor had sabotaged the annoying in-flight entertainments system. Biff and Val told the Doctor of a visit to what they thought was a swimming pool but turned out to be merely a concept. Jethro was a somewhat moody teenager, who dressed in emo fashion, and who acted as though he did not want to be on this holiday.
Once the vehicle had broken down, and seemed to be coming under attack from something outside, tensions mounted. The unseen entity appeared to have got inside and taken over a fellow passenger - Sky Sylvestry. Biff and Val became unnerved when she started to repeat what everyone was saying. Fear and paranoia increased as Sky then spoke at exactly the same time as the others, and then began to preempt them. Jethro attempted to keep calm and act reasonably, but Val became more hysterical, triggering Biff's aggression. This affected everyone else, and the Doctor had to stop them acting like a lynch-mob as they planned to throw Sky out of the craft. The entity then moved into the Doctor himself. He would have been thrown outside if it hadn't been for the Hostess realising what had happened, and sacrificing herself to drag Sky and the entity out of the craft.
Val feebly attempted to defend their actions, and Jethro was clearly upset to see how his parents had behaved.

Played by: Lyndsey Coulson (Val), Daniel Ryan (Biff), and Colin Morgan (Jethro). Appearances: Midnight (2008).

  • Coulson is best known for playing Carol Jackson in Eastenders, notching up 913 episodes between 1993 and 2015.
  • Shortly after appearing in Midnight, Morgan was seen on BBC 1 in the title role of Merlin, which ran for 5 seasons.

C is for... Campbell, David

A young freedom fighter in 22nd Century London, part of the resistance group that was fighting against the Daleks. David was a key member of the group, which was led by the scientist Dortmun. He was from Scotland originally, and came from a rural background.
He was quick and agile, so useful for getting around the city unseen in search of food and other supplies. He was quite prepared to use lethal force against the Robomen slaves, or anyone else who he felt was a threat. He witnessed the capture by the Daleks of the Doctor and Ian, and later took part in a disastrous mission to attack a Dalek saucer. After this failure, the rebel group split up, and David found himself helping to protect the Doctor and Susan. He pleased the Doctor by bowing to his seniority, despite having the best local knowledge. As they travelled to the Dalek mining operations in Bedfordshire, David began to fall in love with Susan - and she with him. The Doctor could see what was happening. When Susan suggested running away in the TARDIS, David insisted that he had to stay and fight. The Doctor sent the pair to disable the Dalek power system, just before the bomb they were planning to use blew up their base along with their saucers.
Back in London, the Doctor realised that it would be wrong to separate the young lovers. It was time for Susan to settle somewhere, so he locked her out of the TARDIS. After bidding her farewell, he left with Ian and Barbara - knowing that Susan would create a new life with David, helping to rebuild the shattered Earth.

Played by: Peter Fraser. Appearances: The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1964).

C is for... Camilla

One of the "Three Who Rule" on an obscure planet in the E-Space universe. Camilla was queen to King Zargo. The planet was being held in a medieval state, with all technology banned. Peasants were taken from the village to serve the Three in the castle which dominated the area. The Doctor managed to reactivate an old computer belonging to an Earth spaceship named the Hydrax which had crashed on the planet hundreds of years ago. Amongst the crew was a navigator named Lauren MacMillan. The computer was in the hands of a rebel group, and they recognised a photo of MacMillan as their queen. The Doctor and Romana at first assumed that the Three were the descendants of the ship's crew, their names corrupted over time. Once they had visited the castle, however, they learned that they were the same people, as they had become vampires. Zargo, Camilla and Chancellor Aukon were preparing for the arising of the Great One, which slumbered beneath the castle - really the Hydrax - and which was being fed with the blood of the villagers.
The Doctor discovered that his people had once fought a race of giant vampires, which had all been slain. All except their leader. It had managed to capture the Hydrax and been carried into the E-Space universe.
Before Romana could be sacrificed, and Adric turned into a vampire, the Doctor fired one of the Hydrax's scout ships into the air. It fell back to earth and staked the Great One through the heart.
When the creature died, Camilla and her two fellow vampires were destroyed, aging rapidly and crumbling into dust.

Played by: Rachel Davies. Appearances: State of Decay (1980).

  • Camilla's name derives from the Sheridan Le Fanu story Carmilla. This vampire tale was serialised between 1871 - 2. It was the inspiration for Carl Dreyer's 1932 film Vampyr, as well as the trio of Hammer films known as the Karnstein Trilogy - The Vampire Lovers (1970), Lust for a Vampire and Twins of Evil (both 1971). The trilogy features a vampire Countess named Mircalla - an anagram of Carmilla.

C is for... Cameca

When the Doctor and his companions landed in an Aztec city, and became cut off from the TARDIS, the Doctor was invited to spend his time in the garden where the society's elders spent their days. Here he met Cameca. The Doctor was rather taken with her, finding her a charming companion. He was intrigued to learn that she knew the builder of the tomb in which the TARDIS was trapped - only to discover that he was now dead. She did, however, know his son and promised to arrange a meeting. This proved to be Ixta, Ian's rival to lead the Aztec army. Cameca was regarded as giving wise counsel, and even Autloc - High Priest of Knowledge - sought her opinions. When the Doctor agreed to brew a drink from her coffee beans, he found himself engaged to her. She soon realised that he would be leaving, as she watched him fashion a pulley wheel out of wood. As Tlotoxl plotted against the Doctor and his friends, Cameca elected to help Susan escape, and she interceded with Autloc after it appeared that Ian had tried to kill him. Before the Doctor left for the tomb, she gave him a token of her love for him. Once inside the tomb, the Doctor left the token behind, but then snatched it up and took it into the TARDIS with him.

Played by: Margot van der Burgh. Appearances: The Aztecs (1964).

  • Margot van der Burgh returned to the series in The Keeper of Traken, playing Consul Katura.

Tuesday, 11 July 2017

Day One - Torchwood 1.2

In which Gwen Cooper goes out on a date in Cardiff city centre with her boyfriend Rhys. She has not told him of her new role with Torchwood, telling him only that she has been assigned to special duties. That evening they see a massive fireball cross the sky, and Gwen gets a call to go to work, much to Rhys' annoyance. She is picked up in the Torchwood SUV and taken to the crash site of the meteor, only to discover that the army have got there first. The team take charge. As they investigate the huge boulder, Owen and Gwen lark around and a chisel breaks the rock open. A purple gas pours out and vanishes into the woods. Soon after, a young woman named Carys Fletcher has emerged from a night club. She is in an alley, leaving a voicemail for her boyfriend Eddie as he has stood her up yet again. The purple gas appears and pours into her. She returns to the club, full of pent up sexual urges. She takes a young man to the toilets and has sex with him. At the point of climax, his body dissolves into dust whilst his life-force is absorbed by Carys, who then rushes out.
The manager of the club has been spying on the ladies toilets, and reports what he has seen to the police. Torchwood soon arrive, and view the hidden camera footage.

The next morning, Torchwood attempt to locate Carys using local CCTV cameras and the national identity database. She, meanwhile, is withdrawn through breakfast with her father. Later, in the shower, she is gripped with a terrible pain. When the postman visits, she tries to have sex with him, but the Torchwood team arrive in time to save him. Carys tries to run off, but Owen has an alien device on him which sets up an impenetrable force-field. They take her to the Hub where she is locked in one of the cells. The gaseous parasite invading her body does not just make her sexually aggressive, it can arouse others in her presence. Gwen finds herself kissing Carys when she goes to talk with her. She is furious to learn that Owen and the others have been watching her on CCTV.
That evening, the team try to quiz Gwen about Jack, and she is shocked to find they know nothing about him. Tosh has found no record of him on any databases going back to the 1950's. Later, Gwen starts to research Carys' life, and Jack tells her this is why he employed her - the team needs someone who can see the human dimension. He is happy that she has Rhys in her life. When Owen goes to fetch some medical records and does not return, the team find him naked and cuffed in Carys' cell.

She has gone, taking his key. Jack tries to stop her leaving the Hub but she takes the Doctor's hand in its jar and threatens to smash it, so Jack lets her go.
They have worked out that the gaseous parasite needs sexual energy to thrive, but the process is killing its host. By way of demonstration, Own infects a rat and they see it explode.
Carys goes to Eddie's place. When he admits he was only ever using her, she kills him. She then makes for a local fertility clinic where men go to make sperm donations. She starts to kill the various patrons waiting there. Torchwood arrive and find that Carys is dying. Gwen offers to act as a new host for the gas. When it emerges and makes towards her, Jack traps it in mid air using the force-field. Deprived of a host, the gas is reduced to dust. Carys survives.

Day One was written by Chris Chibnall, and was first broadcast on 22nd October, 2006.
Things will be slightly complicated later when each episode of Children of Earth is subtitled Day One, Day Two and so forth.
The "Day One" here, obviously, refers to Gwen Cooper's first full day working with the Torchwood team, and the episode very much focuses on her. There is much talk of her relationship with Rhys. The rest of the team do not have anyone like him outside the organisation, and Jack stresses to her how important it is that she holds onto him. She shouldn't end up cynical and alone as they seem to be. Gwen also spends a great deal of time looking into Carys' life - friends, family, childhood. Again Jack is happy that she should do this, as he and the others often fail to think about the human dimension to what they do. They focus on aliens and technology, and eliminate or lock up threats rather than try to understand them. Gwen can see that Carys is just as much a victim as those that the sex gas kills.
We also learn just how little the team know about their own boss, so we who have seen Jack travel with the Doctor and Rose know far more about him than they do.

This is the good stuff in the episode. The actual alien menace is embarrassingly naff. Chibnall, and Davies, have decided that this is for adults, so they can do things like swearing and sex. There's absolutely no subtlety to any of this. I'm reminded of the New Adventures authors putting swearing and sex into their books just because they could, and several have since said they were embarrassed to do so - feeling like naughty school children looking up rude words in a dictionary. An alien sex gas that kills as people orgasm is a rubbish idea.
There was a serious story to be told, about how we live in a sexualised society (note Carys seeing images of partially dressed men and women in advertising all over the city centre), but this isn't the way they should have gone about it. As I said - no subtlety at all.
Carys is played by Sara Lloyd Gregory. PC Andy (Tom Price) makes one of his semi-regular appearances, as he's on duty at the club when Gwen and her Torchwood colleagues arrive.

Overall, one of the many misfires in the first half of Season One, as the show struggles to work out what it is and what it should be doing.
Things you might like to know:

  • An early episode title was "New Girl", which as well as referencing Gwen as the new member of the team could also have referred to the new life that the parasite initially gave to Carys.
  • The first episode established that team members often removed alien technology when they weren't supposed to. Seems that Jack does not have a great deal of authority over his team. This will play out in later episodes.
  • The Doctor's severed hand features. Jack is prepared to let Carys loose onto the streets rather than lose it. When she smashes the container and Jack picks up the hand, there is a brief snatch of the Doctor's theme.
  • Russell T Davies did subsequently admit that the premise was laughable. Apparently the episode was supposed to have been much more light-hearted, but most of the humour was cut as drafts proceeded. It might have worked better later in the series and more tongue in cheek.
  • There's a photograph of Torchwood House noticeable in the Hub.
  • Fans of filming locations might like to know that the alley where Carys encounters the gas is the same one where Martha Jones first sees the TARDIS.
  • The scene where the team discuss Jack was a late addition, suggested by Jane Tranter, BBC controller of fiction.
  • The exploding rat was achieved by cutting away from a real one to, appropriately enough, an inflated condom filled with red dye and chicken offal.

Sunday, 9 July 2017

Inspirations - The Time Meddler

It's the final story of Season 2, written by Dennis Spooner who has now stood down as Story Editor to go off and join Terry Nation on more lucrative ITC film serials. His replacement is Donald Tosh, who doesn't have to do too much with these episodes - trusting his predecessor with delivering workable scripts. John Wiles starts to shadow Verity Lambert as the new producer.
The story starts with the Doctor and Vicki on their own. Ian and Barbara used the Dalek time machine to get home last week. Astronaut Steven Taylor was last seen stumbling through the jungles of Mechanus, cursing his panda mascot. However, whilst the Doctor was saying his goodbyes, Steven had chanced upon the TARDIS and he is still on board. He's welcome to stay, so long as he doesn't call the Doctor "Doc". When Steven asks what a particular control on the console does, the Doctor has this brilliant response:
"That is the dematerialising control. And that over yonder is the horizontal hold. Up there is the scanner, those are the doors, that is a chair with a panda on it. Sheer poetry, dear boy. Now please stop bothering me."
We then have a story set back in historical times - except Steven doesn't believe they have time travelled. The ship lands on a beach, and Vicki finds a Viking helmet - leading to that classic Hartnell line to the incredulous Steven: "What do you think that is, a space helmet for a cow?"
The Doctor gets separated from his companions and soon finds himself at a farmstead. Here he meets Edith, and from her learns that they have arrived in the North East of England, in the year 1066.
Steven and Vicki meanwhile encounter a Saxon peasant, who drops a modern wrist watch. The Doctor listens to the chanting coming from the nearby monastery, and hears the singing wind down like a slow gramophone record - for that is exactly what it is.

Viewers at the time were naturally puzzled by all this. Up until now, the Doctor had adventures in space, with aliens, or he went back in time and had adventures with human villains. The only Science Fiction elements of these latter stories were the presence of the TARDIS and its occupants.
The Time Meddler presents a third line of story telling - what we now call the pseudo-historical. Here, the historical setting merely forms a colourful backdrop to an alien incursion story. Why should aliens only invade in the present day, or be encountered in the future? The purely historical stories will shortly be phased out all together, and eventually be replaced by this new sub-genre.
Here, the rogue element responsible for the anachronistic technology is the Monk, played by Peter Butterworth. He is a time-traveller, and the Doctor deduces straightaway that he is someone who likes to meddle with history.
The Doctor sits out the second episode - locked in a cell and so giving Hartnell a week's holiday. This means that Peter Purves, in only his first full story, is called upon to take the lead in the investigations into the mysterious Monk.
Things start to get complicated when a Viking scouting party turn up. Time for the history lesson.

Earl Harold Godwinson was the most powerful man in England, after the King. Edward the Confessor died at the beginning of 1066 without naming an heir, and Harold was voted into the role. Some time previously, Harold had spent some time in northern France, and it was claimed - by the Normans - that he had promised to uphold Duke William's claim to the English throne. When he learned that Harold had been crowned, William planned for invasion. At the same time, King Harald Hardrada of Norway made his own claim to the throne.
The Time Meddler only touches on these machinations. There is no King Harold, and no battles at Stamford Bridge or at Hastings. Events take place in Northumbria on the eve of these.
The Doctor learns that the Monk intends to destroy King Harald's Viking fleet, and so eliminate the need for Harold to march north and fight just before the Normans land. The Battle of Hastings was reportedly a close run thing, so the Monk's argument is that a stronger Saxon force will be victorious.
He gives as the reason for his plan that this will prevent many of the future wars between England and France. This should lead to technology advancing faster - citing as an example Shakespeare writing his plays for television rather than for the stage.

Steven and Vicki discover that the Monk is no stranger to meddling in history. They follow an electrical cable into a stone sarcophagus in the monastery chapel, and find themselves in a TARDIS. Not only is the Monk a time-traveller - he is of the same race as the Doctor. His ship is full of loot, and his notebook tells of using anti-gravity lifts to help build Stonehenge, meeting Leonardo Da Vinci to give ideas about powered flight, and depositing money in a bank so that he can travel forward 200 years and collect a fortune in compound interest. His TARDIS is of more advanced design, and the Doctor believes he must be about 50 years his junior.
This is monumental stuff for the programme. Up until now, it had been implied that the Doctor had built the TARDIS himself. He and the machine were unique. Now we learn that he is just one of a race of time-travellers.
Needless to say, the Monk's temporal tamperings do not succeed. He first of all tries to get Edith's husband, Wulnoth, to help him - only to make him suspicious. He then tries to trick the Viking scouts into helping him destroy their own fleet.

There is some talk about what would happen if the Monk did succeed. Earlier stories had implied that history couldn't be changed, that something would correct its path. Here, the implication is that history can be changed, and Steven's and Vicki's memories would simply change to match the new history.
As it is, the Saxons find and kill the Vikings, whilst the Monk retreats to his TARDIS - only to discover that the Doctor has sabotaged it by removing the dimensional control. The ship's interior is now the same size as the exterior. It's a bit of a risk, the Doctor leaving the Monk in 11th Century England - he could still do some damage. As an exile, he can't take the Monk back to their own planet and hand him over to the authorities, which would have been the safest thing to do.
Before we close, a word about that space helmet for a cow. From what little evidence we know, Viking helmets did not have horns. At least not those worn in battle. Horned or winged helmets may have been used in a ritual context only.
Next time, looks can be deceptive...

Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Blog Update

Just a quick word about the Blog now that Series 10 has ended. I will be continuing with the A - Z posts, which you'll notice have now reached the letter 'C'. Each week there will also be the latest of the "Inspirations" posts, which I'm thoroughly enjoying researching.
The on-going look at every story paused with the first episode of Torchwood. I'll be covering the next few stories from season one of this spin-off before getting to Smith and Jones. As I've previously said, I have to match up the Torchwood finale with Utopia. The Sarah Jane pilot will also be covered soon.
I am also going to be giving you the latest "TARDIS Travels" - covering the recent series. Look out also for updates on the "Know Your..." entries for both the Daleks and the Cybermen, now that the Twelfth Doctor's era is coming to an end.
There's enough to keep me going for years - so you have been warned...

C is for... Calib

A council member of the Sevateem tribe, who were descendants of an expedition from Earth which crashed onto a nameless planet generations ago. The tribe worshiped the god Xoanon, but Calib was rather cynical and scathing of their High Priest, Neeva. He wanted to take control, and would do anything to achieve this. Tribe member Leela saw him as distrustful and treacherous.
Calib was right not to believe in Xoanon. It was really the computer from their ship. The Doctor had encountered the expedition soon after the crash and fixed the computer using a mental link to his own mind. He hadn't realised that the computer was developing an intelligence of its own - resulting in it becoming unbalanced. It decided on a programme of eugenics, splitting the survivors in two. The Survey team became the Sevateem - living a natural, instinctive life in the wilderness - and the technicians who stayed behind on the ship became the Tesh - who lived an ascetic existence, with their minds artificially enhanced.
Calib was quick to accept what the Doctor was trying to tell the tribe, though he was prepared to attempt to kill Leela with a toxic Janis Thorn when she continually challenged him.
When tribal leader Andor was killed, Calib would have expected to take command - but it is more likely that the more trustworthy Tomas would have taken over, as the cured Xoanon sought to reconcile the two parties.

Played by: Leslie Schofield. Appearances: The Face of Evil (1977).

  • Schofield and Louise Jameson (Leela) were reunited a few years later on Eastenders
  • Between the filming at Ealing and the studio recordings, the rest of the cast decide to pronounce his name differently - Caalib becoming Caylib.
  • He is one of that small but notable band of Doctor Who guest artistes who have played Imperial Officers in the Star Wars films. He's in the first one, last seen warning Darth Vader that the Rebel spaceships might be on to something in their attack on the Death Star.

C is for... Caldwell

A mineralogist who worked for the Interplanetary Mining Corporation in the 25th Century. An IMC ship, commanded by Captain Dent, arrived on the planet Uxarieus. They found that it already had a group of colonists from Earth present - claiming that the planet was designated for colonisation. Dent claimed that it was earmarked for mining. IMC often disregarded the law, and were capable of resorting to tricks to force colonists to abandon their claims. They used a holographic projector to make the colonists believe that there were large hostile reptiles on the planet, and when this didn't work a mining robot was used, armed with fake reptile claws, to attack an outlying homestead - killing the occupants. An IMC agent was also planted in the colony, to sow seeds of discord and commit sabotage and murder. Caldwell was aware of these activities, but refused to participate in them. He had debts back on Earth, and so Dent had a hold over him.
He found himself sheltering a colonist - Winton - when he was injured and on the run from his colleagues. He pretended to have executed him, so the pursuers would give up.
When Dent forced the colonists to leave the planet, Caldwell warned that their antiquated ship would explode, and tried to do what he could to help. He later helped Jo rescue the Doctor from the underground city belonging to the planet's native species.
Once IMC had been defeated, Caldwell elected to join the colonists and make a new home on the planet.

Played by: Bernard Kay. Appearances: Colony In Space (1971).

  • Fourth and final appearance by Kay in the programme. He was the rebel Tyler in The Dalek Invasion of Earth, followed soon after by Saladin in The Crusade. Later, he played Inspector Crossland in The Faceless Ones, as well as the Chameleon leader who had taken on his appearance. 

C is for... CAL

When the Doctor and Donna Noble found themselves in the Library - a planet-wide repository for every known book ever published - they found that its computerised operating system was called CAL. They were joined soon after by an archaeological expedition led by Professor River Song. She was being financed by Strackman Lux, a descendant of the Library's creator. They had come to find out why the Library shut down 100 years before. CAL claimed that everyone present was saved, but there was no sign of anyone. The complex had become infested by Vashta Nerada - carnivorous microscopic creatures which live in darkness and mimic shadow. They prefer forest environments, but their trees were turned into paper and hence into books, which carried their spores.
Events in the Library were being witnessed on her TV by a young girl, also called Cal. She lived on Earth with her father, and was frequently visited by a physician - Dr Moon. She saw the Library as her own personal space, and was upset that there were intruders there. Dr Moon attempted to reassure her. Her actions influenced events in the Library.
Lux revealed that CAL stood for Charlotte Abigail Lux - his ancestor. She died as a child, but her father was able to save her consciousness into the data core of the Library, so that she would live on forever in every book stored there. A diagnostic program was set up to look after CAL on the nearby moon. The little girl was the consciousness of Charlotte, and Dr Moon her diagnostic program.
When she saved the people from the Vashta Nerada, it was electronically - downloaded into the data core. Everyone lived there in an artificial reality, looked after by Dr Moon. This included Donna for a time, where she had a husband and two children.

The Doctor made a deal with the Vashta Nerada to allow the saved people to go free and leave, whilst River Song sacrificed herself to prevent CAL from destroying itself. The Doctor was able to save River's consciousness to the core as well. She lived on with some of her colleagues, looking after Charlotte and Donna's children, whilst the planet was put into quarantine and left for the Vashta Nerada.

Played by: Eve Newton. Appearances: Silence in the Library / Forest of the Dead (2008).

C is for... Cain, Maggie

A crew member at Bowie Base One - the first human colonisation mission to Mars. Maggie was the second person to be infected by the parasitical Flood - an ancient organism which had lain dormant for centuries in the ice-field beneath the planet's surface. She managed to hide her infection in order that it could be spread throughout the base. She was taken to the medical section and placed in quarantine. Here she learned of the Earth after observing colleague Yuri watching a video from his brother. She could see the planet's great oceans, and the Flood was determined to travel there. Maggie's infection soon showed itself - her body producing a continuous flow of infected water. She seemed to recognise when the Doctor spoke ancient Martian to her.
It became apparent that the seals around the quarantine area would soon be breached. Maggie escaped and later went to the rocker launch bay where she infected pilot Ed Gold - forcing him to self-destruct the vessel to prevent the infection reaching Earth.
Maggie, and all her infected colleagues, were destroyed when the base self-destructed in a thermo-nuclear explosion.

Played by: Sharon Duncan-Brewster. Appearances: The Waters of Mars (2009).

C is for... Caecilius Family

A family who lived in Pompeii in 79 AD. Lobus Caecilius was a successful marble salesman, married to Metella. Their daughter was Evelina, and their son was named Quintus. Caecilius bought the TARDIS from a street trader as a piece of art for his home. When the Doctor and Donna Noble came to retrieve it, they pretended to be marble inspectors. He was Spartacus, and so was she.
They learned that Evelina had extra-sensory perception, able to make prophesies and see into their minds. She was promised to the Sibylline Sisterhood. Her arm was turning into stone, the result of breathing in fine stone particles which were alien in nature. Quintus on the other hand was a listless youth, who spent most of his time out drinking with his friends and neglecting his studies.
Caecilius had been engaged by the city's official soothsayer - Lucius Petrus Dextrus - to provide a marble slab, which the Doctor later discovered had a circuit board carved into it. This was needed by the alien Pyroviles, who dwelt at the heart of Vesuvius. Quintus joined the Doctor in breaking into Lucius' home, and later helped destroy a Pyrovile which attacked the Caecilius villa.
In order to stop the aliens, the Doctor had to trigger the eruption of the volcano.
He was determined to leave with Donna, but she pleaded with him to save the family. They were ushered into the TARDIS and later watched in horror the destruction of their city.

Caecilius coined the word volcano - from the God Vulcan. Later, the family settled in Rome, where Caecilius hoped to win a lucrative contract for Egyptian marble. Evelina had lost her powers and was going to school, whilst Quintus was training to be a doctor. The Doctor and Donna had replaced their household gods.

Played by: Peter Capaldi (Caecilius), Tracey Childs (Metella), Francesca Fowler (Evelina) and Francois Pandolfo (Quintus). Appearances: The Fires of Pompeii (2008), The Girl Who Died (2015).

  • A story notable for having a future Doctor in the cast, as well as a future companion, as Karen Gillan plays one of the Sibylline Sisters. Capaldi had also appeared as the civil servant Frobisher in Torchwood: Children of Earth.
  • The resemblance to Caecilius is explained in the Series 9 story as the Doctor realises that it his role to save people. This is why he has this face - as a reminder of what he had done in Pompeii.
  • The names of the family were lifted from a common Latin school book - the Cambridge Latin Course. 
  • There was a real Caecilius resident in Pompeii - a banker named Lucius Caecilius Iucundus, the ruins of whose home can still be seen.

C is for... Caber

Nickname for the servant to the Duke of Forgill, whose ancestral home is near the shores of Loch Ness. His real name is Gaelic, and the Duke claims the Doctor and his companions wouldn't be able to pronounce it. Presumably the Caber - named after the famous Highland Games sport of tossing the caber - acts as ghillie, or gamekeeper on the estate.
It is a Zygon duplicate of the Caber which the Doctor, Sarah and Harry encounter. When the latter finds a survivor from a wrecked oil-rig washed up on a beach, the Caber shoots them both - killing the crewman and wounding Harry. The real Caber is rescued by the Doctor and escapes the Zygon spaceship before it self-destructs, killing the Zygon who had been impersonating him.

Played by: Robert Russell. Appearances: Terror of the Zygons (1975).

  • A test of strength and skill, tossing the caber entails holding a tree trunk in an upright position, then throwing it forward so that it lands top end down but still vertical. It should fall away from the thrower. You are marked down if it falls to the side or back towards you. Distance thrown isn't part of the scoring. It is usually a larch log that is used, 19 feet 6 inches long, and weighing some 79 kg. 
  • Russell had previously played a guard in Power of the Daleks
  • He was not Scottish.

Sunday, 2 July 2017

The Doctor Falls - Review

I was a little worried going into the final episode of Series 10. Steven Moffat has tended to avoid two-part finales altogether, or has failed to deliver after a great penultimate episode. The Big Bang was a let down after The Pandorica Opens, and Heaven Sent just couldn't top Hell Bent.
I had also read a preview which mentioned that much of the new episode centred around the Doctor staying to protect a community of humans - which just happened to be the framework for Matt Smith's final episode. Moffat has tended to reuse plot elements a lot this season.
I'm very pleased to report that The Doctor Falls did not disappoint.
The story did shift from the urban horrors of the Cyber-city, but this did not jar. There was no sudden "Six months later..." trick. We got to see the immediate aftermath of the conclusion to last week's episode, as the Doctor is knocked out and wakes, shackled to a chair, on the hospital roof, where he's confronted by the Master and Missy, who appear to have quickly bonded - acting at times like a twisted pair of siblings. They could so easily have killed the Doctor, and are even debating how they would do this, but it is significant that they haven't actually done it. Deep down I don't think the Master could ever bring him (or her) self to do this.
The Doctor has done a thing, however. One of his clever things. He has changed it so that Time Lords are just as much targets for the Cybermen as the humans are. Before escaping in a shuttle piloted by Nardole, the Doctor gets zapped in an electrical bear hug by a Cyberman, Presumably this is what is actually going to kill the Twelfth Doctor. That's unless you go with the theory doing the rounds that he has been dying ever since Oxygen, when he was left blind.

Last week I posed a couple of questions - namely how this fitted with known Cyberman chronology, and how could the Master be present. Both were answered. The Cybermen here were simply a separate group to those who developed on Mondas. As for the Master, well this was where he ended up after being dragged back to Gallifrey at the conclusion of The End of Time. Significantly, he mentions having a TARDIS. Now, since 2007, the Master / Missy has never had a TARDIS. The Master had to steal the Doctor's to escape Malcassairo, and Missy always went by Vortex Manipulator. Nice to see that the dematerialisation circuit was like the ones seen during the Jon Pertwee / Roger Delgado era.
The Master had ruled this domain, but had been overthrown, and so resorted to his disguise as Mr Razor. He maintained this for 10 years just out of pure malevolence, as he was setting up Bill's fate.
I could have done with a bit more of the two Masters. What we got was very good, but there was too much going on to let them really shine. The Master was simply nasty. One of Peter Capaldi's defining moments as the Doctor - his impassioned speech to the duo to try to get them to stay and help - was followed by the Master simply stating that he hadn't been listening. Missy, on the other hand, appears to have learned something from her years in the Vault, and the Doctor's attempts to rehabilitate her. It looked like she might just stay behind. Later, in the forest, she will decide to do just that, and it was probably inevitable that the two Masters would end up stabbing / shooting each other in the back. The Master went off to regenerate into Missy in his TARDIS, whilst it looked like the end for the character as a whole, as Missy died without regenerating. Is it the last we have seen of the evil Time Lord? Of course not, though Michelle Gomez has claimed it will be the last time we see Missy. But then, John Simm said that he was David Tennant's Master, and couldn't see himself ever returning with another Doctor. Never say never. In The Last of the Time Lords, the Doctor defeats the Master when he points out that he could never commit suicide, and I don't think he would kill his own future.

One last word about the Cybermen. I don't think we really needed the newer versions at all. I think the production team were worried about how the crude originals would work, and so hedged their bets. We certainly didn't need the RTD era ones. A stand out moment in the episode was the Doctor's climactic fight with the Cybermen in the forest. Lots of references to previous Cyber-stories, as he mentions places where he has fought them before. Fans will have especially picked up on reference to Planet 14 (mentioned in The Invasion) as well as Marinus. This latter comes from a Doctor Who Magazine comic strip of the Colin Baker era, where it was claimed that the Voord from 1964's Keys of Marinus evolved into Cybermen. Don't tell Terry Nation's estate, or they'll be looking for 51 years worth of back royalty payments.
On to the principal cast. In general, the story arc for everyone who has travelled with the Doctor should be that they benefit from the experience. They leave as better people, their eyes opened to the wonders of the Universe - and the Doctor is enriched by his encounter with them.  Even Missy has become an ever so slightly kinder person. The Doctor has been travelling with Nardole because he used to work with his now dead wife - River Song - and it transpires that he was not a very nice person back in the day, out to make a quick buck whenever he could. He is left to look after the human community, mostly children. Like Missy, the Doctor has been rehabilitating him.
It was inevitable that Bill was not going to be simply represented by her new Cyberman body in the finale. Having her appear as she still saw herself is another old trick of Moffat's. Remember our first sight of Clara in Asylum of the Daleks? She had been turned into a Dalek, but her mind refused to accept it. It looked like Bill would sacrifice herself and die, but then we go full circle and Heather from The Pilot turns up to save her. She has the chance of becoming human again, but elects to go travelling the cosmos with her new best friend. Her fate transpires as the Doctor lies comatose, so he will never actually know what happened to her - or to Missy.
On waking, the Doctor decides that he is not going to regenerate. Not this time. He's had enough of becoming someone else. We got to see glimpses of past companions - including Sarah Jane Smith. The Doctor also saw Clara, though he shouldn't have as she was wiped from his memory in the last series finale.
Last week, I  hazarded a guess about that wintry setting where the Doctor ended up - based on rumours about David Bradley's return as the First Doctor. Looks like I was right. I presume that it is the South Pole, and the end of the First Doctor's life during the events of The Tenth Planet. The First also refuses to regenerate. I assume that the Christmas Special will be about the two Doctor's talking themselves into giving up the ghost, because of what will follow.

Overall, I think it has been an enjoyable series. I was so worried about the character of Bill, but I needn't have been. In some ways it is a shame she wasn't introduced sooner. Clara certainly overstayed her welcome, having a perfectly good ending in Death in Heaven. Bill may return at Christmas, if only as a cameo to give the Doctor the closure about her fate. I think that your opinion of the three part Monk story, sitting at the heart of the season, will decide whether or not fans see this as a great series.
Roll on Christmas.